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What is it?

Gonorrhea is the most common sexually transmitted disease (STD). It is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

The main mode of transmission of gonorrhea is through unprotected sexual intercourse with infected person, whether oral, vaginal or anal. Even without symptoms, infected women transmit the disease.

It can also occur during delivery, by the transmission of infected mother to the baby. If this type of transmission occurs, it carries the risk that the baby has the eyes severely affected, and can lead to blindness.

Characteristics and symptoms

In men, gonorrhea affects the urethra (the canal through which urine comes out) and in women, this disease primarily affects the cervix.

Between two and eight days after unprotected sex, the person starts to feel burning, pain and difficulty to urinate. Sometimes, you may notice a yellowish or greenish discharge, and sometimes even blood coming out through the uretra in man and the vagina in women.

If left untreated, gonorrhea can cause sterility, attack the nervous system (causing meningitis) affect the bones and heart.


As the contamination is due to sexual practice, the best way to prevente gonorrhea is to make use of condoms in all sexual intercourses.

Gonorrhea is treated with antibiotic drugs specific for the disease, which should be indicated by the doctor after the correct diagnosis.

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