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Impetigo

What is it?

Bacterial skin infection common in children, caused by the bacteria staphylococcus and streptococcus.

Characteristics and symptoms

The disease is characterized by the appearance of pus-filled blisters that quickly rupture (often the bubbles are not even seen) leaving eroded areas covered by thick crusts with the appearance of dried honey.

More common in warm seasons of the year, the disease primarily affects areas of skin folds. There may be many or only a few scattered small lesions that increase progressively in size.

The lesions may regress spontaneously but often spread to the nearby regions forming new lesions.

In the case of streptococcal impetigo, there is the risk of occurrence of glomerulonephritis, a severe disease that compromises the kidneys due to an allergic phenomenon.

Treatment

Treatment consists of removal and cleaning of the crusts of the lesions, local antibiotic therapy in the simplest cases and oral in severe cases or with risk of glomerulonephritis, and should be indicated by a dermatologist.

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